Volume 9, No. 2, December 2023

General Information

  • ISSN: 2395-647X (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title:  Int. J. Geol. Earth Sci.
  • Editor-in-Chief: ​Prof. Marina Fernandez de la Cruz, Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Faculty of Geological Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
  • Associate Editor: Sujitha R. Reddy, Savitha Darsha
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
  • DOI: 10.18178/ijges
  • Abstracting/Indexing: GeoRef (Elsevier), Crossref, Google Scholar, Genamics, Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI), etc.
  • E-mail questions to IJGES Editorial Office.


Please send your full manuscript to:


Useful Documents

Paper Template

Application For Reviewers

Contact us

International Journal of Geology and Earth Sciences
E-mail: ijges@ejournal.net

Study on Critical Factors Influencing Crown Pillar’s Stability through Numerical Simulation

Ritesh D. Lokhande1, *, Supriya Nvl. Pathapati1, Chandrani P. Verma 2, and Pankaj Dewangan3
1.VNIT- Nagpur, Department of Mining Engineering, Nagpur, India; Email: pnvlsupriya@gmail.com (S.N.P.)
2.CSIR-CIMFR, Regional Unit, Nagpur, India; Email: chandranidp@gmail.com
3.NIT-Raipur, Department of Mining Engineering, Raipur, India; Email: pankajnitrr@yahoo.co.in (P.D.)
*Correspondence: riteshlokhande@mng.vnit.ac.in (R.D.L.)

Abstract—Mining is a defined process through which valuable minerals are extracted from the earth's crust either using the surface or underground operations. Surface/Open pit mining is the most common approach, used to extract ore from shallow depths. Underground mining, on the other hand, is used to extract deposits at greater depths and when open pit mining is no longer economically feasible or due to lateral extent limitations, the majority of open cast mines must transition from open pit to underground at a certain depth. This transition necessitates the existence of a barrier pillar between the surface and underground mines in order to keep one working area separate from the underground workings and is referred to as a Crown pillar. This barrier pillar is critical throughout the mining operation, and its stability analysis is vital to protect both surface mine slopes and underground my infrastructure. Because of variations in geo-mining conditions, the crown pillar behaves differently than the surface crown, which is commonly leftover barrier at the surface in direct underground mining operations. Stresses reorient around the crown pillar during the underground mining operations and leads to the occurrence of displacements, which can be evaluated using numerical simulation techniques. This paper focuses on the behaviour of crown pillar and its key factor’s influence on its stability by interpreting the stresses and displacements using FLAC3D software.
Keywords—Transition, crown pillar, critical factors, stability analysis, numerical simulation

Cite: Ritesh D. Lokhande, Supriya Nvl. Pathapati, Chandrani P. Verma, and Pankaj Dewangan, "Study on Critical Factors Influencing Crown Pillar’s Stability through Numerical Simulation," International Journal of Geology and Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 21-27, December 2023. doi: 10.18178/ijges.9.2.21-27

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.